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Anonymous, United States of America. Christoph, United Arab Emirates. One of our best sellers in Magdeburg! This unique hotel is set in the green citadel of an iconic building designed by Hundertwasser.
All rooms include a bathroom with shower, hairdryer and cosmetic mirror, and many feature unconventional tiling.
A tasty and high-quality breakfast buffet is available in the lounge each morning.. The stylish bar is also a great place to relax. This property also has one of the top-rated locations in Magdeburg!
Guests are happier about it compared to other properties in the area. Couples in particular like the location — they rated it 9.
Good for couples — they rated the facilities 8. Highly rated by recent guests 9. Meals here are highly recommended!
Design room with free WiFi, a inch flat-screen satellite TV and a private bathroom with unconventional tiling. Sorry — there was an error submitting your response.
Renovated in , this individually furnished room comes with free WiFi, a inch flat-screen satellite TV and a private bathroom.
Design room with free WiFi, a inch flat-screen satellite TV and a private bathroom designed by the artist Hundertwasser. Renovated in and some rooms include a private terrace.
Individually furnished room with free WiFi, a inch flat-screen satellite TV and a private bathroom. This studio has a flat-screen satellite TV, armchair and a private bathroom with a shower and a hairdryer.
Featuring a flat-screen satellite TV, and a private bathroom designed by the artist Hundertwasser. Breakfast in bed is available. It offers additional space.
It offers additional space and a terrace with a view of the courtyard. IT includes a terrace with a view of the courtyard. Breakfast can be served in bed or on the terrace.
Featuring a flat-screen satellite TV, private terrace and a private bathroom with a shower. Good location to walk to sightseeing spots.
Always an enjoyable stay. Arriving very late this time, got great advice where nearby food was still served.
WiFi is available in all areas and is free of charge. It looks like something went wrong submitting this. Cancellation and prepayment policies vary according to accommodations type.
Please enter the dates of your stay and check what conditions apply to your preferred room. Children and Extra Beds. All children under 3 years stay free of charge when using existing beds.
Additional fees are not calculated automatically in the total cost and will have to be paid for separately during your stay. Cards accepted at this hotel.
The breakfast is spectacularly good and varied meat, fish, eggs cooked to order, fancy coffees and teas, cakes, fruit, yogurts, We stayed during a heatwave and were really grateful that our room was air conditioned.
I highly recommend to enjoy the breakfast in the room. Room was amazing and cozy! Interesting hotel design structure that stands out in the city.
The rooms, fortunately, are calm and restrained. Walking around the hotel was nice, the colourful lights around also nice. The receptionist sorry, forgot the name was super friendly.
We did not have breakfast in the morning but the breakfast area next to the reception desk looked cosy. The paintings and the artistic finishing on the corridors were also unusual and very nice.
The bathroom was spacious and comfortable the room itself a bit less. For a short stay it is a really nice place, but perhaps in the end it is a bit more comfortable for couples than families maybe there are some bigger rooms but I booked late, so I got a small one.
It is almost a "once in a lifetime opportunity" to stay in such a weird, uplifting, crazy place. Everything about it oozes originality and it is a million miles away from the standard chains.
Excellent breakfast as a part of the deal. Warning - central city area so do ensure that a parking space in the on-site underground car park is booked if travel by car.
The "studio" rooms offer the best deal; they are huge and the extra cost is well worth it. A bit old sleeping mattress.
We did not like anything. Staff do not understand English. They pretend that they understand. The toilet was scary, not clean.
Room also not like in the pictures. We felt not very well in this room and hotel. The room itself still was fairly rustic, it was also not so big though the balcony to the inside patio was very nice.
In the end we had to pay a bit more for an extra room. It would have been really nice to have a kettle in the room for making some tea in the evening.
The building is quite big even though the hotel seems to take only some part of it, in the underground parking at an extra cost but it is really safe only few sites are for the hotel guests, majority reserved for various companies or people permanent residents maybe , so you have to look around.
Familiarity with current principles, practices, law, statutes, codes, ordinances, terms and conditions pertaining to endangered species management and Town of Duxbury - Duxbury, Massachusetts.
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What are the st Attend maritime meetings, visit terminals, and perform sales calls locally. The Vessel Manager is responsible for coordination of vessel operations and This is a great opportunity for qualified individual to join a fast growing We have an extensive marketing program including world-wide internet presence Yachtworld.
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Based on 2, salaries. New exhibitions have been established, collections have been substantially expanded, and no expense or effort was spared in founding the top-flight Technology Museum.
Back in the city centre, on Alter Markt square, not far from the cathedral, is the celebrated Magdeburg Horseman.
This bronze replica of the first freestanding equestrian statue north of the Alps was created around and depicts the revered Emperor Otto I — or at least that is what the people of Magdeburg believe.
The original is on display in all its glory in the Cultural History Museum, its home since The city centre is also a shopping hub with an impressive 2.
Hassel Night Line also takes place here — a street festival held twice a year with open-air stages and music on every narrow street.
Magdeburg is a city full of surprises with a strong character and a unique beauty, which always makes a lasting impression. Nowhere is that more true than in glorious Elbauen Park — discover for yourself its serenity, its culture and everything else that it offers.
This unmissable landmark was one of the last — and perhaps also the most beautiful — projects to be completed by the Austrian artist and architect Friedensreich Hundertwasser.
Since , it has been part of the ensemble of baroque facades and modern buildings close to Domplatz square. The millennium tower was erected in for the Federal Garden Show.
At 60 metres high, it is the tallest wooden building in Germany. Inside there are five floors of interactive exhibitions, tracing the history of mankind over the last 6, years.
Magdeburg Cathedral was the final resting place of Emperor Otto I. Its splendid towers are clearly visible from afar, from whichever direction you approach the city.
Brimming with artistic sculptures and carvings, this was the first Gothic cathedral in Germany and embodies the traits for which the city and its people are renowned — pride, stature and staying power.
Today, visitors to the cathedral will find a monumental, simple and surprisingly light space containing artefacts of the highest calibre from virtually every artistic period.
The collections are housed within the walls of a former monastery built in the 11th and 12th century and founded by the Archbishop of Magdeburg, Gero.
However, between spring and autumn there is an increased risk of contracting illnesses caused by ticks, such as Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis TBE.
Ticks are usually found in ground-covering vegetation. The best protection against them is to wear clothing that covers as much of the skin as possible.
If you are bitten, you should seek medical attention as a precaution. In these areas, TBE vaccinations are recommended for anyone likely to spend a lot of time outdoors.
Adventis Personnel Staffing Solutions has offices in Toronto GTA , Montreal, London, Windsor, Texas, Vancouver, Rochester Hills Michigan and strong affiliations with quality staffing services globally, we have the ability to develop, manage, and support a variety of intelligent staffing solutions.
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Eatontown, New Jersey - Hybrid Logistcs. Sales Representative Atlantic Radio Telephone. Previous experience in the maritime or satellite communication industry is a plus.
Atlantic Radio Telephone is looking for an inside sales representative in our Previous work within the maritime industry and familiarity with maritime terminology preferred.
Scientist salaries in Boston, MA Related forums: Boston, Massachusetts - CargoMetrics. Ocean Import Specialist Pegasus Maritime 6 reviews.
Creates and issues Arrival Notices based on Pre-Alerts received How often do raises occur at Pegasus Maritime Inc? Napoleon was moved to Longwood House on Saint Helena in December ; it had fallen into disrepair, and the location was damp, windswept and unhealthy.
Napoleon often complained of the living conditions in letters to the governor and his custodian, Hudson Lowe ,  while his attendants complained of "colds, catarrhs , damp floors and poor provisions.
With a small cadre of followers, Napoleon dictated his memoirs and grumbled about conditions. While in exile, Napoleon wrote a book about Julius Caesar , one of his great heroes.
There were rumours of plots and even of his escape, but in reality no serious attempts were made. Napoleon confined himself for months on end in his damp and wretched habitation of Longwood.
On 15 December , a state funeral was held. The cause of his death has been debated. Antommarchi did not sign the official report.
His description of Napoleon in the months before his death led Sten Forshufvud in a paper in Nature to put forward other causes for his death, including deliberate arsenic poisoning.
Arsenic is a strong preservative, and therefore this supported the poisoning hypothesis. Forshufvud and Weider observed that Napoleon had attempted to quench abnormal thirst by drinking large amounts of orgeat syrup that contained cyanide compounds in the almonds used for flavouring.
They maintained that the potassium tartrate used in his treatment prevented his stomach from expelling these compounds and that his thirst was a symptom of the poison.
Their hypothesis was that the calomel given to Napoleon became an overdose, which killed him and left extensive tissue damage behind. There have been modern studies that have supported the original autopsy finding.
All samples had high levels of arsenic, approximately times higher than the current average. However he had a keen appreciation of the power of organised religion in social and political affairs, and paid a great deal of attention to bending it to his purposes.
Cardinal Fesch performed the wedding. Napoleon was excommunicated by the Catholic Church, but later reconciled with the Church before his death in It solidified the Roman Catholic Church as the majority church of France and brought back most of its civil status.
The hostility of devout Catholics against the state had now largely been resolved. It did not restore the vast church lands and endowments that had been seized during the revolution and sold off.
As a part of the Concordat, he presented another set of laws called the Organic Articles. He selected the bishops and supervised church finances.
Napoleon and the pope both found the Concordat useful. Similar arrangements were made with the Church in territories controlled by Napoleon, especially Italy and Germany.
Napoleon said in April , "Skillful conquerors have not got entangled with priests. They can both contain them and use them".
French children were issued a catechism that taught them to love and respect Napoleon. The Pope was only released in when the Allies invaded France. In January , Napoleon personally forced the Pope to sign a humiliating "Concordat of Fontainebleau".
Napoleon emancipated Jews , as well as Protestants in Catholic countries and Catholics in Protestant countries, from laws which restricted them to ghettos , and he expanded their rights to property, worship, and careers.
In an Assembly of Jewish notables was gathered by Napoleon to discuss 12 questions broadly dealing with the relations between Jews, Christians and other issues dealing with the Jewish ability to integrate into the general French society.
Later, after the questions were answered in a satisfactory way according to the Emperor, a " great Sanhedrin " was brought together to transform the answers into decisions that would form the basis of the future status of the Jews in France and the rest of the Empire Napoleon was building.
He stated, "I will never accept any proposals that will obligate the Jewish people to leave France, because to me the Jews are the same as any other citizen in our country.
It takes weakness to chase them out of the country, but it takes strength to assimilate them". One year after the final meeting of the Sanhedrin, on 17 March , Napoleon placed the Jews on probation.
Several new laws restricting the citizenship the Jews had been offered 17 years previously were instituted at that time. However, despite pressure from leaders of a number of Christian communities to refrain from granting Jews emancipation, within one year of the issue of the new restrictions, they were once again lifted in response to the appeal of Jews from all over France.
Historians emphasize the strength of the ambition that took Napoleon from an obscure village to command of most of Europe.
During his early schooling years he would be harshly bullied by classmates for his Corsican identity and control of the French language. To withstand the stress he became domineering, eventually developing an inferiority complex.
He could rapidly dictate a series of complex commands to his subordinates, keeping in mind where major units were expected to be at each future point, and like a chess master, "seeing" the best plays moves ahead.
Napoleon maintained strict, efficient work habits, prioritizing what needed to be done. He cheated at cards, but repaid the losses; he had to win at everything he attempted.
Unlike many generals, Napoleon did not examine history to ask what Hannibal or Alexander or anyone else did in a similar situation.
Critics said he won many battles simply because of luck; Napoleon responded, "Give me lucky generals", aware that "luck" comes to leaders who recognize opportunity, and seize it.
He reorganized France itself to supply the men and money needed for wars. At the Battle of Auerstadt in , King Frederick William III of Prussia outnumbered the French by 63, to 27,; however, when he was told, mistakenly, that Napoleon was in command, he ordered a hasty retreat that turned into a rout.
Napoleon has become a worldwide cultural icon who symbolises military genius and political power. Martin van Creveld described him as "the most competent human being who ever lived".
He has been portrayed in hundreds of films and discussed in hundreds of thousands of books and articles. When met in person, many of his contemporaries were surprised by his apparently unremarkable physical appearance in contrast to his significant deeds and reputation, especially in his youth, when he was consistently described as small and thin.
Joseph Farington, who observed Napoleon personally in , commented that "Samuel Rogers stood a little way from me and His nose was not very large, but straight, with a slight, hardly noticeable bend.
The hair on his head was dark reddish-blond; his eyebrows and eyelashes were much darker than the colour of his hair, and his blue eyes, set off by the almost black lashes, gave him a most pleasing expression The man I saw was of short stature, just over five feet tall, rather heavy although he was only 37 years old.
During the Napoleonic Wars he was taken seriously by the British press as a dangerous tyrant , poised to invade.
Napoleon was mocked in British newspapers as a short tempered small man and he was nicknamed "Little Boney in a strong fit".
Helena a British island , since he would have most likely been measured with an English yardstick rather than a yardstick of the Old French Regime.
He also habitually wore usually on Sundays the blue uniform of a colonel of the Imperial Guard Foot Grenadiers blue with white facings and red cuffs.
This was in contrast to the complex uniforms with many decorations of his marshals and those around him. In his later years he gained quite a bit of weight and had a complexion considered pale or sallow, something contemporaries took note of.
Novelist Paul de Kock, who saw him in on the balcony of the Tuileries, called Napoleon "yellow, obese, and bloated". He is fat, rather what we call pot-bellied, and although his leg is well shaped, it is rather clumsy He is very sallow, with light grey eyes, and rather thin, greasy-looking brown hair, and altogether a very nasty, priestlike-looking fellow.
He is often portrayed wearing a large bicorne hat with a hand-in-waistcoat gesture—a reference to the painting produced in by Jacques-Louis David.
Napoleon instituted various reforms, such as higher education, a tax code , road and sewer systems, and established the Banque de France , the first central bank in French history.
He negotiated the Concordat of with the Catholic Church, which sought to reconcile the mostly Catholic population to his regime.
It was presented alongside the Organic Articles , which regulated public worship in France. In May , he instituted the Legion of Honour , a substitute for the old royalist decorations and orders of chivalry , to encourage civilian and military achievements; the order is still the highest decoration in France.
Napoleon participated actively in the sessions of the Council of State that revised the drafts. The development of the code was a fundamental change in the nature of the civil law legal system with its stress on clearly written and accessible law.
Other codes " Les cinq codes " were commissioned by Napoleon to codify criminal and commerce law; a Code of Criminal Instruction was published, which enacted rules of due process.
Waterloo will erase the memory of so many victories. Dieter Langewiesche described the code as a "revolutionary project" which spurred the development of bourgeois society in Germany by the extension of the right to own property and an acceleration towards the end of feudalism.
Napoleon reorganised what had been the Holy Roman Empire, made up of more than a thousand entities, [ quantify ] into a more streamlined forty-state Confederation of the Rhine ; this helped promote the German Confederation and the unification of Germany in The movement toward national unification in Italy was similarly precipitated by Napoleonic rule.
Napoleon implemented a wide array of liberal reforms in France and across Continental Europe, especially in Italy and Germany, as summarized by British historian Andrew Roberts:.
The ideas that underpin our modern world—meritocracy, equality before the law, property rights, religious toleration, modern secular education, sound finances, and so on—were championed, consolidated, codified and geographically extended by Napoleon.
To them he added a rational and efficient local administration, an end to rural banditry, the encouragement of science and the arts, the abolition of feudalism and the greatest codification of laws since the fall of the Roman Empire.
Napoleon directly overthrew remnants of feudalism in much of western Continental Europe. He liberalised property laws , ended seigneurial dues , abolished the guild of merchants and craftsmen to facilitate entrepreneurship, legalised divorce, closed the Jewish ghettos and made Jews equal to everyone else.
The Inquisition ended as did the Holy Roman Empire. The power of church courts and religious authority was sharply reduced and equality under the law was proclaimed for all men.
In the field of military organisation , Napoleon borrowed from previous theorists such as Jacques Antoine Hippolyte, Comte de Guibert , and from the reforms of preceding French governments, and then developed much of what was already in place.
He continued the policy, which emerged from the Revolution, of promotion based primarily on merit. Corps replaced divisions as the largest army units, mobile artillery was integrated into reserve batteries, the staff system became more fluid and cavalry returned as an important formation in French military doctrine.
These methods are now referred to as essential features of Napoleonic warfare. The increased importance of artillery after stemmed from his creation of a highly mobile artillery force, the growth in artillery numbers, and changes in artillery practices.
Under Napoleon, a new emphasis towards the destruction, not just outmanoeuvring, of enemy armies emerged. Invasions of enemy territory occurred over broader fronts which made wars costlier and more decisive.
The political effect of war increased; defeat for a European power meant more than the loss of isolated enclaves. Near- Carthaginian peaces intertwined whole national efforts, intensifying the Revolutionary phenomenon of total war.
The official introduction of the metric system in September was unpopular in large sections of French society. He made French the only official language.
He left some primary education in the hands of religious orders, but he offered public support to secondary education.
All students were taught the sciences along with modern and classical languages. Napoleon hoped to use religion to produce social stability.
In the political realm, historians debate whether Napoleon was "an enlightened despot who laid the foundations of modern Europe or, instead, a megalomaniac who wrought greater misery than any man before the coming of Hitler".
The Continental powers as late as were willing to give him nearly all of his gains and titles, but some scholars maintain he was overly aggressive and pushed for too much, until his empire collapsed.
Napoleon ended lawlessness and disorder in post-Revolutionary France. Napoleon institutionalised plunder of conquered territories: Chandler , a foremost historian of Napoleonic warfare, wrote in that, "Nothing could be more degrading to the former [Napoleon] and more flattering to the latter [Hitler].
The comparison is odious. Napoleon left great and lasting testimonies to his genius—in codes of law and national identities which survive to the present day.
Adolf Hitler left nothing but destruction. The large and growing historiography in French, English, Russian, Spanish and other languages has been summarized and evaluated by numerous scholars.
Strict censorship, controlling aspects of the press, books, theater, and art, was part of his propaganda scheme, aimed at portraying him as bringing desperately wanted peace and stability to France.
Specifically targeting his civilian audience, Napoleon fostered a relationship with the contemporary art community, taking an active role in commissioning and controlling different forms of art production to suit his propaganda goals.
In England, Russia and across Europe --though not in France—Napoleon was a popular topic of caricature. They played a key role in collective political defiance of the Bourbon restoration monarchy in — People from different walks of life and areas of France, particularly Napoleonic veterans, drew on the Napoleonic legacy and its connections with the ideals of the revolution.
Helena and Napoleon as an inspiration for patriotism, individual and collective liberties, and political mobilization manifested themselves in seditious materials, displaying the tricolor and rosettes.
Datta shows that, following the collapse of militaristic Boulangism in the late s, the Napoleonic legend was divorced from party politics and revived in popular culture.
In their attempts to represent the emperor as a figure of national unity, proponents and detractors of the Third Republic used the legend as a vehicle for exploring anxieties about gender and fears about the processes of democratization that accompanied this new era of mass politics and culture.
International Napoleonic Congresses take place regularly, with participation by members of the French and American military, French politicians and scholars from different countries.
Napoleon was responsible for spreading the values of the French Revolution to other countries, especially in legal reform and the abolition of serfdom.
After the fall of Napoleon, not only was the Napoleonic Code retained by conquered countries including the Netherlands, Belgium, parts of Italy and Germany, but has been used as the basis of certain parts of law outside Europe including the Dominican Republic, the US state of Louisiana and the Canadian province of Quebec.
Napoleon could be considered one of the founders of modern Germany. After dissolving the Holy Roman Empire , he reduced the number of German states from to less than 50, prior to German Unification.
A byproduct of the French occupation was a strong development in German nationalism. Napoleon also significantly aided the United States when he agreed to sell the territory of Louisiana for 15 million dollars during the presidency of Thomas Jefferson.
That territory almost doubled the size of the United States, adding the equivalent of 13 states to the Union. Bonaparte often sent her love letters while on his campaigns.
Napoleon had his own affairs too: She became known as "Cleopatra". Despite his divorce from Josephine, Napoleon showed his dedication to her for the rest of his life.
When he heard the news of her death while on exile in Elba, he locked himself in his room and would not come out for two full days.
Thus he had married into a German royal and imperial family. Her great-aunt had been executed in France, while Napoleon had fought numerous campaigns against Austria all throughout his military career.
However, she seemed to warm up to him over time. After her wedding, she wrote to her father: I respond to his love sincerely.
There is something very fetching and very eager about him that is impossible to resist". Napoleon and Marie Louise remained married until his death, though she did not join him in exile on Elba and thereafter never saw her husband again.
He became Napoleon II in and reigned for only two weeks. He was awarded the title of the Duke of Reichstadt in and died of tuberculosis aged 21, with no children.
Napoleon acknowledged one illegitimate son: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about Napoleon I. For other uses, see Napoleon disambiguation.
For other uses, see Napoleon Bonaparte disambiguation. Les Invalides , Paris , France. Marie Louise of Austria m. Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars.
French campaign in Egypt and Syria. French Consulate and War of the Second Coalition. Coronation of Napoleon I and Napoleonic Wars. War of the Third Coalition.
Franco-Ottoman alliance and Franco-Persian alliance. War of the Fourth Coalition. War of the Fifth Coalition.
French invasion of Russia. War of the Sixth Coalition. Death mask of Napoleon and Retour des cendres. Napoleon and the Catholic Church. Napoleon and the Jews and Napoleon and Protestants.
Cultural depictions of Napoleon. Napoleonic weaponry and warfare and Military career of Napoleon Bonaparte. History of the metric system , Mesures usuelles , and Units of measurement in France.
Bonaparte Crossing the Alps , realist version by Paul Delaroche in Influence of the French Revolution. Titles and styles of Napoleon.
See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. Giuseppe Maria Buonaparte — 8. Maria Colonna Bozzi — 4. Giuseppe Maria Buonaparte — Maria Anna Tusoli — Carlo Maria Buonaparte — Giuseppe Maria Paravicini 5.
Maria Saveria Paravicini —bef. Angelo Agostino Salineri Maria Angela Salineri Napoleon I, Emperor of the French — Giovanni Girolamo Ramolino —?
Giovanni Agostino Ramolino Maria Laetitia Boggiano 6. Giovanni Geronimo Ramolino — Angela Maria Peri Maria Letizia Ramolino — Giovanni Antonio Pietrasanta Giuseppe Maria Pietrasanta Paola Brigida Sorba 7.
Angela Maria Pietrasanta — He is less realistically portrayed on a charger in the latter work. At least four genuine death masks of Napoleon are known to exist: This and other more minor attacks have led historians to debate whether he had epilepsy and, if so, to what extent.
Penguin Group, , Introduction. Archived from the original on 22 October Palgrave Macmillan, , p. The Age of Napoleon.
Greenwood Publishing Group, , pp. Yale University Press , , p. The Rise and Fall of an Empire. Osprey Publishing, , p. Napoleon and the Transformation of Europe.
Palgrave Macmillan, , Conclusion. A Life , p. Archived from the original on 10 February Retrieved 20 February Journal of Molecular Biology Research.
Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 18 February Archived from the original on 1 July Retrieved 23 January Archived from the original on 12 January Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 16 February Archived from the original on 28 November Archived from the original on 25 February The Child and Childhood in Folk Thought: The Child in Primative Culture , p.
Archived from the original on 20 March A Brief History of Europe from — Archived from the original on 4 May Penguin Group, , p.
Mowat, The Diplomacy of Napoleon is a survey online ; for a recent advanced diplomatic history, see Paul W. Schroeder, The Transformation of European Politics — pp.
Chandler, The Campaigns of Napoleon. The Encyclopedia of Warfare: From Earliest Time to the Present Day. Archived from the original on 29 July Retrieved 11 July Archived from the original on 18 November Napoleonic Era in Europe pp.
How Far From Austerlitz? Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 22 April Clarendon Press , pp. Archived from the original on 18 July Archived from the original on 13 February Napoleon and the World War of Lessons in Coalition Warfighting.